Having a garden at home is one of the most fashionable options lately. The crisis on the one hand, and on the other, the desire to eat organic food have pushed many families to take the step of growing their own food.
To achieve this, you don’t even need a garden. With a little patience, care and skill, you can have vegetables, fruits or aromatic plants on the terrace with minimal effort. If you have decided to take the plunge, here are the tips to help you take the first steps:
To make a good home garden, first you have to choose the container, with a depth of about 15 to 20 centimeters and good drainage. It is best to build it yourself, with wood from pallets; although any elongated planter really works.
The ‘soil’ is prepared with a cradle of small stones at the bottom, to leave holes for the roots to obtain oxygen. On this, instead of soil, it can be filled with substrate and vegetable compost, much more fertile, which can be purchased in nurseries.
The location of the planter is key, because in order for the plants to bear fruit they will have to have aminimum of five hours of light, if they are winter crops, and be in full sun throughout the day if they are summer crops.
Crops and care
Not all plants are the same, and those that grow more easily on urban terraces are lettuce, chard and spinach, from autumn to spring (there are also summer varieties); and peppers, in the summer months. Tomatoes
are planted in spring, but they are complicated and suffer a lot from pests, although the ‘cherry’ variety and the puritan variety do better in this type of reduced space . You can also try it with corvettes, aborigines, cucumbers and beans. Seedlings are purchased at almost every nursery. You have to find out about
life cycle and the space required for each product, for which there are numerous guides on paper and on the Internet. For example, lettuces can be stripped as they grow , from the outside in, but they will have to be cut from the root after 45 to 60 days , because they ‘rise’, that is, they develop and can no longer be eaten, because they taste bitter .
Irrigation should be much more frequent than if it is grown in the field. If it is done by hand, the frequency will depend on the time of year, but in summer it will have to be done once a day. It is important to be careful when pouring the water, so that it does not splash, because the substrate would be lost and the roots would be exposed . Pesticides
can be used to avoid pests, but it is also easy to find “homemade” solutions on the Internet that can end most problems that may arise. So now you know, get down to work and you won’t have to step foot in the supermarket again.