Transplants are one of the most effective tools we have to ensure the correct evolution and maintenance of our plants. As a general rule we should change the plants that live in a pot that is too narrow and that do not evolve. That is, those that are withering and do not grow.
When to change a plant to another pot
We should think about transplants in our house when the plants consume less nutrients and their growth is stopped, which is called vegetative rest. In this way we avoid damaging the evolution of the plant, and for this reason the end of winter or the middle of autumn is preferable to carry out the transplant.
Focusing on the above, despite whether we do it in winter or autumn, it is interesting to foresee that we do it on days of extreme conditions, very sunny, with snow or frost. It is recommended that moderate rains are expected to avoid demands on the plant in its new lodging.
How to do the transplant
– The day before the transplant we must water the plant abundantly to be sure that the soil is sufficiently moist on the day of the transplant.
– To house the plant we must choose a new pot larger than the one we had, at least 20mm larger in its perimeter. The first step we will take is to dig a perimeter strip in the pot, carefully separating the roots that may be attached to the pot. Helping us with a shovel we will extract the plant and we will be able to move it to the new pot.
– We have to make sure that the drainage in the new pot works by placing at least 30mm. of gravel at the bottom of the new one and on this layer of gravel a woven geotextile that allows the passage of the excess liquid and retains an excessive leakage of the fine nutrients that are in the ground.
– In the hole made in the soil of the pot, we will introduce the clod with the plant and later we will fill the perimeter hole with topsoil, keeping the plant straight and slightly pecking the ground to improve the settlement of the new ground and eliminate large air pockets.
– To finish it is necessary to water abundantly and it is advisable in the first days to keep the plant in the same location in which we had it.