Before making a flower arrangement, it is necessary to dry the flowers, if you do not buy them already dried. So, first we are going to explain how to properly dry fresh flowers, whether they are bought at the florist or picked in the field. We have the possibility of using several techniques:
The most traditional is the cluster technique, in which the bouquet is taken and they are hung upside down, tied with a thread, with the help of a hanger or hook, leaving them for several days until they are seen to have dried, at which time they are spray them with hairspray, to prevent them from falling apart. The flowers dried with this technique tend to darken, so it is recommended that you do it in a dark, dry and well-ventilated place.
Another way of air-drying is called horizontal drying, very suitable for all cereals , in which the plants are spread out on a box, a basket or on sheets of blotting paper or newspaper, and are moved from time to time to let them air out well. All mosses and lichens dry very well this way, but since they are very humid, the sheets of blotting paper must be changed frequently, especially at the beginning.
Another more modern technique is with the help of the microwave. Check that the flowers are very clean, so first you must pass them gently under the tap of water. Then let them drain for a few seconds in the air on kitchen paper, although before they dry completely you have to wrap them in another dry kitchen paper and put them little by little (so they don’t get crushed) in the microwave, setting it at the temperature highest for 30 to 40 seconds.
If you don’t have a microwave, put them in the oven for about 10 minutes, at medium temperature. You will surely be surprised by the results. You can also spray them with hairspray afterwards to keep them longer. Herbs (especially kitchen herbs), daisies, hydrangeas, and unopened rosebuds are the best flowers to use for this method, but you can also try corn ears and multi-bud flower heads like orchids. ‘Lady’s cloak’
Some plants such as laurel, beech, eucalyptus, mahonia, mimosa, viburnum and yew, as well as many leaves, branches and berries can be preserved in glycerin, which produces wonderful shiny, supple leaves that contrast perfectly with the matte textures of most of the dried material. To start, remove the lower leaves from the stems, discarding any broken or discolored leaves. Next, make a solution of one part glycerin and two parts hot water, and place the stems in it; make sure they are completely submerged to a depth of about 5 cm.
The plants can take ten days to be ready, until they are darker and a bit sticky. You may need to add a little more glycerin solution if it is all absorbed before the leaves are completely dry. You will see some leaves change color as they absorb the solution. Then take them out and drain them well.