Plant care in winter

Plant care in winter

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If you are a plant lover and you dedicate part of your time to their care, it is important that you know that in winter they suffer the effects of wind, rain, and snow like any other living being. In winter the plants grow little, but extreme care must be taken so that the weather does not affect them more than necessary.

Not all resist equally, and it is important that you know the natural environment from which they come. Tropical or Mediterranean species, for example, tolerate low temperatures less than those from cold or temperate zones.

Another important detail is that the wind is equivalent to a temperature between three and five degrees lower and its force can bend long-stemmed plants, so it is recommended to tie them to stakes, sticks, or canes to help them stay upright.

The effects of cold on plants

Prolonged exposure to cold and/or hailstorms can make recovery impossible, so the garden and balcony pots should be collected before night falls when temperatures drop further and there is more risk of frost. It is advisable to place them in roofed areas or cover them with plastic or special mesh.

Another area sensitive to low temperatures is the roots and bulbs which can be protected by applying hot compost or padding it with straw, cardboard, or with the dry leaves that fall from the plants.

Irrigation is still essential in winter but at this time you have to wait for the soil to dry before spraying it with water again and it should be done when the sun is hot .so that the water does not freeze on the plants.

In case there is snow or frost, it is good to remove it and take care that the water with which it is irrigated is not too cold, but rather lukewarm, which will serve to alleviate the low temperatures and help the plant to recover from the cold. .

Indoor plants do not suffer as much in winter as outdoor plants, but they have the enemy at home, the heating. It is important to spray water on the leaves so that they do not lose all their moisture, especially if they are tropical plants. The optimum temperature for them is between 18º and 20º C. A higher temperature implies increasing the frequency of irrigation.

It is also vital to pay attention to the amount of light the plants receive. Although in winter the strength of the sun is less, it is essential for photosynthesis, especially if we know that artificial light is not powerful enough to stimulate this essential biochemical process for plant life.

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